Research & Documentation Unit

Documentation Unit:

The Le Morne Heritage Trust Fund has a Documentation Unit.
The main objectives of this unit are to gather, preserve, and disseminate relevant and up-to-date data. The purpose of this unit is to serve the reference needs of researchers, students and the public (local and foreign).
The collection of documentation contains books, reports, archival documents, films, CD's on slavery and maroon slaves and also includes documents that are essential for the proper management of Le Morne Cultural Landscape.
In the collection can also be found about 500 documents including statistics, reports, publications and archival documents compiled in view of a socio economic desk top research commissioned to the Centre for Research on Slavery & Indenture of University of Mauritius. The documents can be consulted on soft copy.
A bibliography on Maroonage consisting of archival documents, books, can also be consulted on soft copy.


Research work carried out by Le Morne Heritage Trust Fund:

  • Le Morne Cultural Landscape, Reconnaissance Survey at Macaque, First Field Season August 2007

A reconnaissance archaeological survey was done on the site of Macaque. It started as a trial for the location of the site as the site history is only known through oral sources. The study undertaken at Macaque does sustain the hypothesis of a settlement in the region.
The two weeks of Reconnaissance survey in part of this region has revealed the existence of different kinds of features and artifacts which are catalogued. Macaque is a highly potential archaeological site which requires deeper investigation.

  • Research: "The Search for Makak: A multidisciplinary settlement History of the Nothern Coast of Le Morne Brabant, Mauritius" by Dr. Chip Colwell, Ms S. Le Chartier, Mrs S. Jacquin-Ng)

Dr C. Colwell Fulbright Award led this research project. It is a follow up of the archaeological research on site in 2007.
This project provided more understanding on the place called Makak. It focused on different aspect that is historical, material remains and collective memories.
For the good completion of this work, the following sources were used:

(i) Archival research was conducted at the National Archives of Mauritius, the Ministry of Housing and Lands, Registrar General's Department, Civil Status Division, online database and reports.
(ii) Interviews were conducted with community members
(iii) Analysis of archaeological data, mainly the artifacts collected during the abbreviated 2007 survey.
Based on the study, a 3D reconstruction was produced on Makak.
An exhibition was held showing various aspects of activities of the former settlement of Makak village in this part of the Le Morne Cultural Landscape.

  • Educational kit

This Education Kit has been developed to provide information to teachers of primary and secondary schools in the context of their visits with students to Le Morne Cultural Landscape World Heritage Site. The kit offers essential information to document and conduct activities in class or on site.

The main booklet offers information on:

(i)The Le Morne Cultural Landscape: an overview of the site
(ii)Biodiversity of Le Morne Cultural Landscape

  • Bibliography on maroonage

Research on all available documents on Maronnage has been carried out. They includes: all documents, books, pamphlets, articles, manuscripts, DVDs and other publications related to maroon slaves, which are available in different institutions of Mauritius such as National Library, Carnegie Library, National Archives, Mauritius College of the Air and the Diocese of Port-Louis, etc. This database can be consulted at the Research Unit.

  • Social Historical / Economic Survey (2013 – 2016)

In collaboration with the Centre for Research on Indenture and Slavery (CRSI) of the University of Mauritius, two projects are ongoing :

(i) A socio-economic survey which aims at understanding the dynamics of land ownership and dispossession, the spatial, social and economic history of the ex-slave population of the region and to formulate policy for the moral, social, cultural and economic upliftment of the population of slave ancestry and of other marginalized groups in the regions.

(ii) Maroon trails
The project aims to uncover routes taken by maroons in their journeys through Mauritius and their lifes during their maroonage. This research survey will formulate recommendations for preserving existing maroon sites and identifying new sites. The maroon trails will then be proposed to tourists and locals.

  • Research works available at Le Morne Heritage Trust Fund :

1. Chip Colwell-Chanthaphonh, 2013. The search for Makak: A multidisciplinary settlement history of the Northern Coast of Le Morne Brabant, Mauritius.
2. Educational Kit, 2012.
3. N. Gopauloo, M. de Salle Essoo and S. Panyandee 2010. Report on Oral History & Traditions on Le Morne. Reduit, Le Morne Heritage Trust Fund.
4. Dr. C. Lowe, Dr I. Gopauloo, C. Le Chartier & D. Bablee, 2010. Le Morne Cultural Landscape History, Symbolism and Tradition. Le Morne Heritage Trust Fund, Reduit.
5. Owadally.A.C. The summit of Le Morne Brabant mountain- its flora and fauna
6. R. Rutty, A Brief Ecological and Environmental Survey of the Le Morne Brabant.
7. Rose Ferraby, Environmental Imperialism: Colonial Activity in Mauritius Geophysical Survey Report: Le Morne Cemetery Site

  • Pamphlets & Booklets

Pamphlets printed during different events and which are available at Le Morne Heritage Trust Fund Site Office.

1. Discovering Le Morne Cultural Landscape (pamphlets available in English, French and Creole language)
2. 1 February 2013: On the Occasion of the 178th Anniversary of the Abolition of slavery: Living Exhibition, Trou Sini: Memwar Nou Listwar (Pamphlets launched on 1 February 2013)
3. 1 February 2014: 179th of the Commemoration of the Abolition of Slavery: Le Morn, Enn Sinbol (Booklets available in English, French and Creole language)

  • Panels

(i)Exhibits on former Trou Chenilles village
(ii)Exhibits on economic activities of former Makak village
(iii)Genealogical charts
(iv)Plan showing cultural features of former Trou Chenilles village

  • Plan

Historical maps of Le Morne

You are invited to come and consult the Documentation Unit for more information.